Obesity can be defined as the ”physical state of being fat and over-weight“. Obesity is on the rise in almost every part of the world since people started eating junk foods and following a sedentary lifestyle. Many people do jobs which involve little or no movement and they even use cars to reach their office. This kind of jobholder has to do some physical activities outside his working hours to maintain his fitness otherwise he will become obese. Obesity is giving birth to many other diseases including heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, stress, depression, and some types of cancers.
WHAT ARE ENVIRONMENTAL AND GENETIC FACTOR THAT AFFECTS OBESITY?
Prenatal and early life poor nutrition, watching television, and too little physical activity may lead to obesity.
In addition to this, there are certainly some other factors causing obesity that includes,
Research has shown that people in the age group of 18 to 64 should get 7 to 9 hours of sleep daily and people in the age group of 65 and older should get 7 to 8 hours of sleep daily. So people who don’t take proper sleep tend to eat more snacks high in calories and fats.
PREMISES WHERE YOU LIVE OR WORK:
Places where you live also affects obesity level in some ways, for example, if your house is located in an area where there are high numbers of grocery stores, you will have better access for choosing good quality food and save you from gaining weight. Likewise, if you live in an area where you have more grounds, you can stay active by doing physical activity with your neighbors or friends.
Similarly, the area where you work or meditate may not provide you food which is healthy; it may contain high contents of fats or sugar.
There are certain families in which obesity runs, due to their eating habits, like quenching their thrust with beverages, consuming food having a high content of salt and sugar, or by the consumption of a large number of frozen foods, fast foods, processed or fried foods. Drinking too much alcohol is another factor for the uprise of obesity. The trend of hoteling is also making the obesity situation worse.
Most people start gaining more weight as they age. People with a normal BMI ( Body mass index) tend to gain more mass in their young adulthood and keep on gaining until they reach at age of 60 to 65. Moreover, in some children, obesity remains as they grow up to their adulthood due to their genetics.
SOME LESS NOTICED FACTORS LEADING TO OBESITY
Other factors may include
- Certain medicines
- Increased stress level or difficulty in managing stress.
- Certain medical conditions
DOES OBESITY CAUSE LESS LIFE EXPECTANCY?
Several studies have shown that the life expectancy of obese men in the age group of 20 to 39 having BMI 35 or above has less than the one who is not obese. This is because obesity is the birthplace of many fatal diseases. Similarly, an obese woman has six years less life expectancy to a healthy weighted woman of the same age group.
HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF OBESITY
As compared to a normal person several obese persons may undergo the following health issues. All-causes of death (mortality)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
- Type 2 diabetes
- Coronary heart disease
- Gallbladder disease
- Osteoarthritis which means a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint
- Sleep apnea and breathing problems
- Cancer of many types
- Low quality of life
- Mental illness such as clinical depression, anxiety, and other mental retardation
- Body pain and difficulty with physical functioning
OBESITY AMONG CHILDREN
Obesity is a serious health issue among children. If a child looks overweigh, it is a troubling issue as it may cause serious health problems in his later stages of life. Many children become obese if both parents are obese. Parents should take following preventive measures if obesity runs in both.
- Limit your child eating habits
- Limit their consumption of sugar beverages
- Provide them plenty of fruits and boiled vegetables
- Make sure they get enough sleep
- Engage them in healthy and active activities, by limiting their mobile and television habits
- Adjust the portion size of their meal according to their age
There are a myriad number of reasons of gaining weight from eating unhealthy foods to bad sleeping habits, from lack of physical activities to emotional problems. You can avoid getting obese by activating your healthy lifestyle of mindful eating and doing a regular workout in your well-fitted workout shirt and pant. By beating obesity, you will be able to beat a number of other ailments like cardio problems, hypertension, mental instability, and many types of cancers.